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/*** Counseling Appointments ***********************
Connie is a counselor at OHS (Our High School). 
Connie meets students individually throughout the day.
Each morning students ask her secretary for an appointment,
and the secretary writes the name on a sheet of paper at the
appropriate time.  They want to use a computer program instead
of paper, so that the data can appear on both the secretary's
and the counselor's computer screen.  So they need a way to
record names in "boxes", like they do on the paper.

The following program uses an ARRAY to simulate these boxes.
It contains a cell (box) for each minute in the day,
from 0 to 2399.  It includes cells for non-real times, like 1199.

public class Appointments
  String[] names = new String[2400];  // from 0:00 until 24:00
  public Appointments()
    String name = "";
      name = input("Name");
      if(name.equals("ABORT")){ System.exit(0); }  // end the program
      int time = Integer.parseInt(input("Time code (e.g. 840 or 1200)"));
      names[time] = name;
    } while(true);        // loop never ends
  void showAllNames()     // shows all the times where there is a name
    for(int t = 0; t < 2400; t=t+1)
      String name = names[t];
        System.out.println(t + "\t" + name); 
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {  new Appointments(); }
  public String input(String prompt)
  { return javax.swing.JOptionPane.showInputDialog(null,prompt); }

/*** Improvements Needed ************************************
This needs lots of improvements:
- it's easy to make a mistake and overwrite one name with a different one
- incorrect time numbers, like 1080, should be rejected
- the output only appears on the secretary's screen, not the counselors
- if the computer stops, all data will be lost - it needs to be saved

830     Carla
900     Adam
1030    Ellen
1200    Bill
1210    Fred
1500    Denise


An array is a list where many pieces of data can be stored.  This is similar to a sign-up sheet that has boxes where you
can write a name.  In this case, there are 2400 boxes - one box for each minute of the day.  Actually, there are also
extra boxes that do not correspond to a real time.  Box #830 is for the time 8:30 in the morning, but box 899 does not
represent a real time.  If the secretary makes a mistake and types 866 instead of 855, the computer will put the name
in the box, but it doesn't make any sense in real terms. 

The array (list) is created by the command:

     String[] names = new String[2400];

The command to write a name into a box is:

     names[time] = name;

Creating the array (list) does not actually create any boxes.  Each box is created when the name is saved in the list.
It's like have a blank sheet of paper, then drawing a box every time you want to write a name.  That's a bit mysterious,
but it means that most of the times  contain NOTHING - that is actually called null.  So the showAllNames method
must check each position and check that it is NOT equal to null:

    String name = names[t];
    if(name != null)

Notice that we do NOT use the .equals method, because null is not a value, but rather represents a missing box.

Programming Practice